Glossory

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

Axillary clearance
Removing all the lymph nodes from under the arm.

B

Biopsy
A sample of tissue taken from the body in order to examine it more closely.

Biopsy vacuum (Vacuum-assisted biopsy)
A tissue sampling technique which is less invasive than open surgical biopsy, that removes samples of breast tissue through a single, small skin incision.

Bioptics
A former company which pioneered in cutting edge digital x-ray camera technology and lead in breast specimen radiography devices, which has now merged with Faxitron.

BioVision
A product from Faxitron which provides immediate verification of excised breast tissue margins.

Breast cancer
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in the UK. In 2011, just under 50,000 women were diagnosed with invasive breast cancer. Most women who get it (8 out of 10) are over 50, but younger women, and in rare cases, men, can also get breast cancer. More information can be found on the NHS website.

Breast screening
A way of finding breast cancer when it is too small to see or feel. It involves having a mammogram, which is a type of x-ray.

Breast biopsy
A test that removes tissue or sometimes fluid from the suspicious area. The removed cells are examined under a microscope and further tested to check for the presence of breast cancer.

Breast imaging
Often used to screen for breast cancer in women who have no symptoms.

Breast surgery
This type of surgery is sometimes called partial (or segmental) mastectomy. It is also sometimes called lumpectomy or quadrantectomy. In breast-conserving surgery, only the part of the breast containing the cancer is removed. The goal is to remove the cancer as well as some surrounding normal tissue.

Breast care unit
Carry out breast examinations

Breast oncology
The study and treatment of breast tumours.

Breast test
A self-check test that women can carry out. You can see the NHS five point plan for more information.

BSBR
British Society of Breast Radiology : Visit their website

C

Cancer
A disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body.

Clinical pathology
A medical specialty that is concerned with the diagnosis of disease based on the laboratory analysis of bodily fluids, such as blood, urine, and tissue homogenates or extracts using the tools of chemistry, microbiology, hematology and molecular pathology.

Core biopsy
A special needle (or probe) is inserted into the breast to take a small sample of breast tissue from an area of concern so that it can be sent to a laboratory for testing.

Core specimen radiography system
See CoreVision for more information.

Corevision
A product from Faxitron which eliminates delays waiting for verification of core samples. With one touch of the button a successful biopsy procedure is confirmed and images can be instantly sent to multiple destinations without the need to interrupt mammography workflow.

D

De-calcification / decalcification
The removal of calcium ions from the bone through histological process thereby making the bone flexible and easy for pathological investigation.

Digital mammography
A specialized form of mammography that uses digital receptors and computers instead of x-ray film to help examine breast tissue for breast cancer.

Digital pathology
An image-based information environment which is enabled by computer technology that allows for the management of information generated from a digital slide. Digital pathology is enabled in part by virtual microscopy, which is the practice of converting glass slides into digital slides that can be viewed, managed, and analyzed on a computer monitor.

Digital radiography
Digital radiography is a form of X-ray imaging, where digital X-ray sensors are used instead of traditional photographic film. Advantages include time efficiency through bypassing chemical processing and the ability to digitally transfer and enhance images.

Digital specimen radiography system
We offer the Faxitron BioVision, CoreVision and PathVision.

F

Fat transfer/ Fat grafting
Fat tissue is removed from other parts of your body. The tissue is then processed into liquid and injected into the breast area to recreate the breast.

Faxitron Bioptics
Faxitron Bioptics is the world’s largest and only fully vertically integrated, dedicated cabinet x-ray company. With an installed base of over 7,000 systems in medical facilities and scientific research laboratories around the globe, Faxitron is the industry standard in cabinet x-ray systems for specimen radiography, research, and NDT applications.

Fine needle aspiration (FNA)
A type of biopsy procedure. In fine needle aspiration, a thin needle is inserted into an area of abnormal-appearing tissue or body fluid and can help make a diagnosis or rule out conditions such as cancer.

G

Gamma Probe / Intraoperative gamma detection probe
A handheld device used for intraoperative use following interstitial injection of a radionuclide, to locate regional lymph nodes by their radioactivity. It is used primarily for sentinel lymph node mapping and parathyroid surgery.

H

Histopathology
The microscopic examination of tissue in order to study the manifestations of disease.

L

Lumpectomy
A surgical procedure that involves removing a suspected malignant (cancerous) tumor, or lump, and a small portion of the surrounding tissue from a woman's breast. This tissue is then tested to determine if it contains cancerous cells.

M

Mammography
Specialized medical imaging that uses a low-dose x-ray system to see inside the breasts.

Mastectomy
The surgical removal of one or both breasts, partially or completely. A mastectomy is usually carried out to treat breast cancer.

Minimally invasive treatment
Procedures performed through tiny incisions instead of one large opening.

N

Needle biopsy
A procedure to obtain a sample of cells from your body for laboratory testing

Node biopsy
A test in which a lymph node or a piece of a lymph node is removed for examination under a microscope

Non destructive testing
A wide group of analysis techniques used in science and industry to evaluate the properties of a material, component or system without causing damage.

P

Pathology
A branch of medical science primarily concerning the examination of organs, tissues, and bodily fluids in order to make a diagnosis of disease.

Pathology specimen radiography system
Designed with the imaging needs of the pathologist in mind. The compact x-ray cabinet can be placed on the lab bench top, giving the team immediate and routine access to high-resolution digital imaging. This improves lab workflow and results in faster report generation. See the Faxitron PathVision.

PathVision
A product from Faxitron. The compact size and relatively minimal cost of specimen radiography systems allow pathologists to place units in their labs. The advantage is immediate and routine access to high-resolution imaging resulting in fewer re-cuts and ultimately faster final report generation.

Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the UK, with over 40,000 new cases diagnosed every year. Prostate cancer usually develops slowly, so there may be no signs you have it for many years. Symptoms often only become apparent when your prostate is large enough to affect the urethra.

R

Radioactive seed localisation (Breast Seed Localisation)
A procedure in which a tiny metal seed is placed into abnormal breast tissue. The seed contains a small amount of radiation. This helps the surgeon find the area of abnormal tissue during surgery when it is too small to be seen or felt by hand. The seed will stay in your body until it is taken out during your surgery.

Radiology
A medical specialty that uses imaging to diagnose and treat diseases seen within the body.

Radiography
An imaging technique that uses electromagnetic radiation other than visible light, especially X-rays, to view the internal structure of a non-uniformly composed and opaque object (i.e. a non-transparent object of varying density and composition) such as the human body.

Renal Cancer
A type of cancer that starts in the cells in the kidney

S

Seed localisation
A procedure in which a tiny metal seed is placed into abnormal breast tissue. The seed contains a small amount of radiation. This helps the surgeon find the area of abnormal tissue during surgery when it is too small to be seen or felt by hand. The seed will stay in your body until it is taken out during your surgery.

Sentinel Node
The hypothetical first lymph node or group of nodes draining a cancer. In case of established cancerous dissemination it is postulated that the sentinel lymph node/s is/are the target organs primarily reached by metastasizing cancer cells from the tumor.

Sentinel node biopsy
A surgical procedure used to determine if cancer has spread beyond a primary tumor into your lymphatic system. Sentinel node biopsy is used most commonly in evaluating breast cancer and melanoma. The sentinel nodes are the first few lymph nodes into which a tumor drains.

Specimen
An individual animal, plant, piece of a mineral, etc. used as an example of its species or type for scientific study or display.

Specimen Radiography
An imaging technique that uses electromagnetic radiation other than visible light, especially X-rays, to view the internal structure of an individual animal, plant, piece of a mineral.

T

TruNode
TruNode is a sterile, wireless, single-use gamma probe that gives the surgeon complete control from the sterile field. The simple to use fingertip controlled probe with voice reporting is coupled with a compact, IV pole mounted User Feedback Unit with proprietary heuristic audio feedback technology.

V

Vacuum biopsy (Vacuum assisted biopsy)
Guided by mammography or ultrasound, the surgeon or radiologist places the probe into the suspicious area of the breast. A vacuum then draws the tissue into the probe. A rotating cutting device removes a tissue sample and then carries it through the probe into a collection area

W

Wide local excision
An operation to remove a lump in your breast caused by cancer with a small amount of surrounding normal tissue.

X

X-ray
A photographic or digital image of the internal composition of something, especially a part of the body, produced by X-rays being passed through it and being absorbed to different degrees by different materials.

X-ray cabinets
Contains an x-ray tube installed within a shielded enclosure. The enclosure is made of a material, usually lead, that stops most of the x radiation from leaving the enclosure. We offer the Faxitron BioVision, CoreVision, PathVision and MultiFocus.